Food production and consumption impact the environment and increase CO2 production. During all the steps of the supply chain, there is depletion of resources and overproduction that becomes waste. In Switzerland, a total of 2,8 million tonnes of food is wasted in a year. While two third of this waste, still
edible and was avoidable in the various steps of the supply chain, from production to consumption.
The climate effects of avoidable food losses
amount is almost half a ton of CO2 equivalent
per capital annually which corresponds
to 24% of the climate effects generated
by the entire Swiss food system.
Food waste also generates massive environmental
issues through unnecessary CO2 emissions.
In Switzerland, these are 23 times above the threshold
set as the per capita limit to allow our planet to survive.
Additionally, fuel oil is widely required in the agricultural sector, for heating greenhouses. In Europe its consumption reaches to 75 million tons from fossil sources which produce 237 million tons of CO2. In Switzerland alone, the demand for fossil fuel oil for greenhouse cultivation is 40 000 tons that produce 107 000 tons of CO2.
Livestocks require enormous quantities of
natural resources and its pollutant emissions
are higher than those of global transport.
Since fishmeal is a nutrient-rich feed ingredient
used in the diets of farmed animals, its production
represents a significant contributor to over-fishing
issues and seawater exploitation.
The tonnes of food waste are used by different industries.
Around 50% is processed to obtain recycled fertilizer, soil conditioner or biogas and it is also highly used as animal feed and waste incineration plant.